lekcije‎ > ‎

6. query sentences, yes and no

Interrogative sentences in Neoslavonic are created in two ways (either one way or the other way, not both):
  1. The sentence contains an interrogative pronoun or an interrogative adverb or an interrogative numeral. Sentence typically starts with this interrogative word.
  2. The sentence containing any verb in the indicative form directly followed by the article li. Sentence typically starts with this verb.
Please, learn these interrogative pronouns, adverbs and numerals:

 kto?
 pron. 
 who? 
 što? or čo? 
 pron.
 what? 
 ktory?
 pron.
 which?
 kaky? or jaky? 
 pron.
 which?, what kind of? 
 koliko?
 num.
 how much?, how many? 
 koliky?
 num.
 what?, what order?
 kogda?   adv.
 when?
 kako? or jako?   adv.
 how?
 zašto? or začo?  adv.
 why?
 kdie?  adv.
 where? (an existing position of something/somebody) 
 kamo?  adv.
 where? (a new desired position of something/somebody) 
 kudie?  adv.
 where? (on the way to a new desired position from an existing position) 


examples (particle "li")

Jesi li doma?
      Are you at home?
Imate li knigu?     Do You have a book?
Jest li on veliky?     Is he big?


examples (interrogative words without "li")

Kto jest tvoj prijatel?      Who is Your Friend?
Koliko imaš knig?     How many books do You have?
Kdie jest Tvoj pes?      Where is Your dog?


Yes and no, negation

Please remember these particles: da = yes, ne = no. Moreover, negation of verbs is made by the same article ne being written directly before its corresponding verb.

Jesi li doma?      Are you at home?
Da, jesm.      Yes, I am.
Ne, ne jesm.      No, I am not.

Ne imaješ li knigu?     Do not You (sg.) have a book?
Ne, imaju!      No, I have it!

On ne jest veliky.
     He is not big.

Ne znaju, kdie jest vaš pes.     I do not know, where is Your (pl.) dog.

Comments